We investigate "shell structure" from Babylonian times: periodicities and beats in computer-simulated lunar data corresponding to those observed by Babylonian scribes some 2500 years ago. We discuss the mathematical similarity between the Babylonians' recently reconstructed method of determining one of the periods of the moon with modern Fourier analysis and the interpretation of shell structure in finite fermion systems (nuclei, metal clusters, quantum dots) in terms of classical closed or periodic orbits.
International Journal of Modern Physics E
- Pub Date:
- Physics - History of Physics;
- Mathematics - History and Overview;
- Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics
- LaTeX2e, 13pp, 8 figs