Estimates of absorption optical depths for the bound complexes H2O-H2O and the sum of H2O-N2, H2O-O2, and H2O-Ar at visible and near-infrared wavelengths are compared to the same quantities calculated from a frequently used water continuum parameterization (MT_CKD) and from a theoretical far wing water vapor lineshape theory. The temperature dependences of some of these optical depths are also compared. The comparisons suggest qualitatively that water complexes may contribute to the continuum at these wavelengths, and show that the temperature dependence of the continuum might provide insight into the role of the complexes in the atmosphere. Because of the dearth of laboratory measurements of the continuum at these wavelengths, and because the current estimates for the equilibrium constants of these water vapor complexes remain highly uncertain, more observations are needed before the importance of water complexes can be accurately quantified.
Geophysical Research Letters
- Pub Date:
- March 2004
- Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Transmission and scattering of radiation;
- Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Troposphere-composition and chemistry;
- Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Radiative processes