The measurement of sulfate mineral solubilities in the Na-K-Ca-Cl-SO 4-H 2O system at temperatures of 100, 150 and 200°C
At T > 100°C development of thermodynamic models suffers from missing experimental data, particularly for solubilities of sulfate minerals in mixed solutions. Solubilities in Na +-K +-Ca 2+-Cl --SO 42-/H 2O subsystems were investigated at 150, 200°C and at selected compositions at 100°C. The apparatus used to examine solid-liquid phase equilibria under hydrothermal conditions has been described. In the system NaCl-CaSO 4-H 2O the missing anhydrite (CaSO 4) solubilities at high NaCl concentrations up to halite saturation have been determined. In the system Na 2SO 4-CaSO 4-H 2O the observed glauberite (Na 2SO 4 · CaSO 4) solubility is higher than that predicted by the high temperature model of Greenberg and Møller (1989), especially at 200°C. At high salt concentrations, solubilities of both anhydrite and glauberite increase with increasing temperature. Stability fields of the minerals syngenite (K 2SO 4 · CaSO 4 · H 2O) and goergeyite (K 2SO 4 · 5 CaSO 4 · H 2O) were determined, and a new phase was found at 200°C in the K 2SO 4-CaSO 4-H 2O system. Chemical and single crystal structure analysis give the formula K 2SO 4 · CaSO 4. The structure is isostructural with palmierite (K 2SO 4 · PbSO 4). The glaserite ("3 K 2SO 4 · Na 2SO 4") appears as solid solution in the system Na 2SO 4-K 2SO 4-H 2O. Its solubility and stoichiometry was determined as a function of solution composition.