We introduce the three-dimensional measurement technique (XPIV) based on a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) system. The technique provides three-dimensional and statistically significant velocity data. The main principle of the technique lies in the combination of defocus, stereoscopic and multi-plane illumination concepts. Preliminary results of the turbulent boundary layer in a flume are presented. The quality of the velocity data is evaluated by using the velocity profiles and relative turbulent intensity of the boundary layer. The analysis indicates that the XPIV is a reliable experimental tool for three-dimensional fluid velocity measurements.