Symmetries and conservation laws: Consequences of Noether's theorem
Abstract
We derive conservation laws from symmetry operations using the principle of least action. These derivations, which are examples of Noether's theorem, require only elementary calculus and are suitable for introductory physics. We extend these arguments to the transformation of coordinates due to uniform motion to show that a symmetry argument applies more elegantly to the Lorentz transformation than to the Galilean transformation.
 Publication:

American Journal of Physics
 Pub Date:
 April 2004
 DOI:
 10.1119/1.1591764
 Bibcode:
 2004AmJPh..72..428H
 Keywords:

 01.50.i;
 03.30.+p;
 11.30.j;
 Educational aids;
 Special relativity;
 Symmetry and conservation laws