We begin with a brief treatment of Hausdorff measure and Hausdorff dimension. We then explain some of the principal results in Diophantine approximation and the Hausdorff dimension of related sets, originating in the pioneering work of Vojtech Jarnik. We conclude with some applications of these results to the metrical structure of exceptional sets associated with some famous problems. It is not intended that all the recent developments be covered but they can be found in the references cited.
arXiv Mathematics e-prints
- Pub Date:
- May 2003
- Mathematics - Number Theory
- 43 pages, 5 figures, to appear in "Fractal Geometry and Applications: A Jubilee of Benoit Mandelbrot", Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics, American Mathematical Society