Derived Category of Squarefree Modules and Local Cohomology with Monomial Ideal Support
Abstract
A "squarefree module" over a polynomial ring $S = k[x_1, .., x_n]$ is a generalization of a StanleyReisner ring, and allows us to apply homological methods to the study of monomial ideals systematically. Let $Sq$ be the category of squarefree modules. Then the derived category $D^b(Sq)$ of $Sq$ has three duality functors which act on $D^b(Sq)$ just like three transpositions of the symmetric group $S_3$ (up to translation). This phenomenon is closely related to the Koszul dulaity (in particular, the BernsteinGel'fandGel'fand correspondence). We also study the local cohomology module $H_{I_\Delta}^i(S)$ at a StanleyReisner ideal $I_\Delta$ using squarefree modules. Among other things, we see that Hochster's formula on the Hilbert function of $H_m^i(S/I_\Delta)$ is also a formula on the characteristic cycle of $H_{I_\Delta}^{ni}(S)$ as a module over the Weyl algebra $S<\partial_1, ..., \partial_n >$ (if $chara(k)=0$).
 Publication:

arXiv Mathematics eprints
 Pub Date:
 March 2003
 arXiv:
 arXiv:math/0303110
 Bibcode:
 2003math......3110Y
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Commutative Algebra;
 Mathematics  Rings and Algebras;
 13D02;
 13D45;
 13F55;
 18E30
 EPrint:
 21pages, to appear in J. Math. Soc. Japan. I distributed the earlier version of this paper in 2000, but the paper has been totally revised