Crystal growth and characterization of MgB2: the relation between structural and superconducting properties
We discuss the important aspects of synthesis and crystal growth of MgB2 under high pressure (P) and temperature (T) in the Mg-B-N system, including the optimization of P-T conditions for reproducible crystal growth, the role of liquid phases in this process, the temperature dependence of crystal size and the effect of growing instabilities on single-crystal morphology. Extensive experiments have been carried out on single crystals with slightly different lattice constants and defect concentrations, which have revealed the possible effects of Mg deficiency and lattice strain on the superconducting properties of MgB2 (Tc, Jc, residual resistivity ratio, anisotropy, etc).
Superconductor Science Technology
- Pub Date:
- February 2003
- Condensed Matter - Superconductivity;
- Condensed Matter - Materials Science
- 29 pages, 9 figures, 1 table, Proc.of International Workshop on Superconductivity in Magnesium Diboride and Related Materials "BOROMAG", 17-19 June 2002, Genoa, Italy (submitted to Supercond.Sci and Technol.)