Single-walled carbon nanotube superconductor entangler: noise correlations and Einstein Podolsky Rosen states
We propose a device which implements a solid-state nanostructured electron entangler. It consists of a single-walled carbon nanotube connected at both ends to normal state electrodes and coupled in its middle part to a superconducting nanowire. Such a device acts as an electronic beam splitter for correlated electrons originating from the superconductor. We first show that it can be used to detect positive (bosonic-like) noise correlations in a fermionic system. Furthermore, it provides a source for entangled electrons in the two arms of the splitter. To generate entangled electron states, we propose two kinds of set-up based either on spin or energy filters. They respectively consist of ferromagnetic pads and of a system of electrostatic gates which define quantum dots. The fabrication of this device would require state-of-the-art nanofabrication techniques, carbon nanotube synthesis and integration, as well as atomic force microscopy imaging and manipulation.