Motivated by the stripe developments in cuprates, we review analytical results for the spin-charge solitonic superstructures derived in the framework of the Hubbard model in our studies of weakly coupled (quasi) one-dimensional repulsive electron systems on a lattice. These results demonstrate that close to half filling, in the high temperature regime above the mean field transition temperature, short range repulsions favor charge density fluctuations with wavevectors bearing special relations with those of the spin density fluctuations. In the low temperature regime, besides the wavevectors, mutual phases of the charge and spin densities also become coupled due to a quantum interference phenomenon, leading to the stripe phase instability. It is shown that away from half filling, periodic lattice potential causes cooperative condensation of the spin and charge superlattices. "Switching off" this potential leads to the vanishing of the stripe order. The leading spin-charge coupling term in the effective Landau functional is derived microscopically. Results of the 1D renormalization group ("parquet") analysis away from half filling are also presented. They reveal transient-scale correlations resembling the mean-field pattern. Possible correspondence of our theory with the experimental data on stripe phase in high Tc cuprates is discussed.
International Journal of Modern Physics B
- Pub Date:
- Correlated electrons;
- solitonic superlattice;
- Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
- 29 pages,10 figures, Latex