FirstYear Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Tests of Gaussianity
Abstract
We present limits to the amplitude of nonGaussian primordial fluctuations in the WMAP 1 yr cosmic microwave background sky maps. A nonlinear coupling parameter, f_{NL}, characterizes the amplitude of a quadratic term in the primordial potential. We use two statistics: one is a cubic statistic which measures phase correlations of temperature fluctuations after combining all configurations of the angular bispectrum. The other uses the Minkowski functionals to measure the morphology of the sky maps. Both methods find the WMAP data consistent with Gaussian primordial fluctuations and establish limits, 58<f_{NL}<134, at 95% confidence. There is no significant frequency or scale dependence of f_{NL}. The WMAP limit is 30 times better than COBE and validates that the power spectrum can fully characterize statistical properties of CMB anisotropy in the WMAP data to a high degree of accuracy. Our results also validate the use of a Gaussian theory for predicting the abundance of clusters in the local universe. We detect a pointsource contribution to the bispectrum at 41 GHz, b_{src}=(9.5+/4.4)×10^{5}μK^{3}sr^{2}, which gives a power spectrum from point sources of c_{src}=(15+/6)×10^{3}μK^{2}sr in thermodynamic temperature units. This value agrees well with independent estimates of source number counts and the power spectrum at 41 GHz, indicating that b_{src} directly measures residual source contributions.
WMAP is the result of a partnership between Princeton University and the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Scientific guidance is provided by the WMAP Science Team.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
 Pub Date:
 September 2003
 DOI:
 10.1086/377220
 arXiv:
 arXiv:astroph/0302223
 Bibcode:
 2003ApJS..148..119K
 Keywords:

 Cosmology: Cosmic Microwave Background;
 Cosmology: Observations;
 Cosmology: Early Universe;
 Galaxies: Clusters: General;
 Cosmology: LargeScale Structure of Universe;
 Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 Replaced with version accepted by ApJ. One of thirteen companion papers on firstyear WMAP results