Direct Detection of a Coronal Mass Ejection-Associated Shock in Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment White-Light Images
The Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph Experiment (LASCO) C2 and C3 coronagraphs recorded a unique coronal mass ejection (CME) on 1999 April 2. The event did not have the typical three-part CME structure and involved a small-filament eruption without any visible overlying streamer ejecta. The event exhibited an unusually clear signature of a wave propagating at the CME flanks. The speed and density of the CME front and flanks were consistent with the existence of a shock. To better establish the nature of the white-light wave signature, we employed a simple MHD simulation using the LASCO measurements as constraints. Both the measurements and the simulation strongly suggest that the white-light feature is the density enhancement from a fast-mode MHD shock. In addition, the LASCO images clearly show streamers being deflected when the shock impinges on them. It is the first direct imaging of this interaction.