High Angular Resolution, Sensitive CS J = 2-1 and J = 3-2 Imaging of the Protostar L1551 NE: Evidence for Outflow-triggered Star Formation?
High angular resolution and sensitive aperture synthesis observations of CS (J=2-1) and CS (J=3-2) emissions toward L1551 NE, the second brightest protostar in the Taurus molecular cloud, made with the Nobeyama Millimeter Array are presented. L1551 NE is categorized as a Class 0 object deeply embedded in the redshifted outflow lobe of L1551 IRS 5. Previous studies of the L1551 NE region in CS emission revealed the presence of shell-like components open toward L1551 IRS 5, which seem to trace low-velocity shocks in the swept-up shell driven by the outflow from L1551 IRS 5. In this study, significant CS emission around L1551 NE was detected at the eastern tip of the swept-up shell from Vlsr=5.3 to 10.1 km s-1, and the total mass of the dense gas is estimated to be 0.14+/-0.02 Msolar. In addition, the following new structures were successfully revealed: a compact disklike component with a size of ~1000 AU just at L1551 NE, an arc-shaped structure around L1551 NE, open toward L1551 NE, with a size of ~5000 AU, i.e., a bow shock, and a distinct velocity gradient of the dense gas, i.e., deceleration along the outflow axis of L1551 IRS 5. These features suggest that the CS emission traces the postshocked region where the dense gas associated with L1551 NE and the swept-up shell of the outflow from L1551 IRS 5 interact. Since the age of L1551 NE is comparable to the timescale of the interaction, it is plausible that the formation of L1551 NE was induced by the outflow impact. The compact structure of L1551 NE with a tiny envelope was also revealed, suggesting that the outer envelope of L1551 NE has been blown off by the outflow from L1551 IRS 5.Based on observations made at the Nobeyama Radio Observatory (NRO), which is a branch of the National Astronomical Observatory, an interuniversity research institute operated by the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, Culture, and Technology.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- September 2003
- Stars: Circumstellar Matter;
- ISM: Jets and Outflows;
- ISM: Structure;
- Stars: Formation;
- stars: individual (L1551 NE);
- Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence;
- 29 pages, 12 figures, Accepted for Publication in the Astrophysical Journal