A flat transducer was constructed, using a 9-μm-thick PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) film for generation and detection of high-frequency ultrasonic waves, and used for measurements of the phase velocity of longitudinal waves traveling along the thickness direction in a very thin material. The transducer has a useful wideband frequency characteristic extending from 10 MHz to over 150 MHz. Measurements of the phase velocity of the longitudinal waves are carried out using a 0.212-mm-thick glass slide and a 0.102-mm-thick stainless-steel shim, using water as a coupling medium. The thickness limit for this measurement appears to be approximately 20 μm. The phase velocity of the longitudinal mode is obtained as a function of frequency in the frequency domain by using a modified sampled continuous wave (cw) technique. It can also be measured in the time domain by using a broadband pulse of short duration.