Scaling and Similarity in Rough Channel Flows
Abstract
We show that Manning's empirical formula for the mean velocity of turbulent flows in channels represents the powerlaw asymptotic behavior of a flow of incomplete similarity in the relative roughness. We then derive the formula based on the phenomenological theory of turbulence. Our derivation yields the correct similarity exponent; it justifies Manning's use of a single parameter, the hydraulic radius, to characterize the geometry of the cross section; and it affords insight into the mechanism of momentum transfer.
 Publication:

Physical Review Letters
 Pub Date:
 January 2002
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.014501
 Bibcode:
 2002PhRvL..88a4501G