Interactions in one-dimensional (1D) electron systems are expected to cause a dynamical separation of electronic spin and charge degrees of freedom. A promising system for experimental observation of this non-Fermi-liquid effect consists of two quantum wires coupled via tunneling through an extended uniform barrier. Here we consider the minimal model of an interacting 1D electron system exhibiting spin-charge separation, and calculate the differential tunneling conductance as well as the density-density response function. Both quantities exhibit distinct strong features arising from spin-charge separation. Our analysis of these features within the minimal model neglects interactions between electrons of opposite chirality, and therefore applies directly to chiral 1D electron systems realized, e.g., at the edge of integer quantum Hall systems. Physical insight gained from our results is useful for interpreting current experiment in quantum wires, as our main conclusions still apply with nonchiral interactions present. In particular, we discuss the effect of charging due to applied voltages, and the possibility to observe spin-charge separation in a time-resolved experiment.
Physical Review B
- Pub Date:
- May 2002
- Quantum wires;
- Fermions in reduced dimensions;
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics
- 9 pages, 3 figures, expanded version with many details