13CO2/12CO2 isotopic ratio measurements using a difference frequency-based sensor operating at 4.35 μm
A portable modular gas sensor for measuring the 13C/12C isotopic ratio in CO2 with a precision of 0.8‰(+/-1σ) was developed for volcanic gas emission studies. This sensor employed a difference frequency generation (DFG)-based spectroscopic source operating at 4.35 μm ( 2300 cm-1) in combination with a dual-chamber gas absorption cell. Direct absorption spectroscopy using this specially designed cell permitted rapid comparisons of isotopic ratios of a gas sample and a reference standard for appropriately selected CO2 absorption lines. Special attention was given to minimizing undesirable precision degrading effects, in particular temperature and pressure fluctuations.