The crystal structure of the recently discovered heavy-fermion (HF) superconductor CeCoIn5 (Tc=2.3K) has been determined by high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. It is tetragonal (space group P4/mmm), with lattice parameters a=4.61292(9) Å and c=7.5513(2) Å at ambient conditions. While CeCoIn5 is isostructural with the HF antiferromagnet CeRhIn5 and the HF superconductor CeIrIn5, its cell constants and its only variable positional parameter, zIn2, differ significantly from the corresponding ones of CeRhIn5 and CeIrIn5. As a result, the distortions of the cuboctahedron [CeIn3], which is the key structural unit in all three materials, are different in CeCoIn5 from the ones in CeRhIn5 and CeIrIn5. The compounds CeCoIn5 and CeIrIn5, which contain the most distorted (in one way or another) cuboctahedra [CeIn3] exhibit superconductivity at ambient pressure below 2.3K and 0.4K respectively. On the other hand, CeRhIn5, in which the [CeIn3] cuboctahedra are less distorted, and the parent compound of the materials CeTIn5, i.e. the cubic HF CeIn3, are antiferromagnets at ambient pressure with TN≅3.4K and 10K correspondingly.
Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing
- Pub Date:
- PACS: 61.12.Ld;
- Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
- 9 pages, 1 figure Proceeding ICNS2001, to appear in Applied Physics A. Material Science &