We present the first detection of the mass donor star in the prototype X-ray binary Scorpius X-1. Phase-resolved spectroscopy revealed narrow emission line components from the irradiated secondary star. Radial velocity fits to the Bowen blend emission are used to establish an absolute orbital ephemeris and derive an accurate value for the systemic velocity, γ=-113.8+/-0.6 km s-1. Emission from the irradiated front side of the secondary leads to solid limits to the radial velocity of the mass donor of 87<~K2<~148 km s-1. In conjunction with an upper limit to the velocity of the primary K1<=53 km s-1, we derive a firm limit on the mass ratio of Sco X-1 of q<~0.61. A likely set of system parameters satisfying the various constraints as well as the recent inclination estimate by Fomalont, Geldzahler, & Bradshaw (2001) is K1=40 km s-1, K2=133 km s-1, q=0.30 corresponding to component masses of M1=1.4Msolar and M2=0.42Msolar for an orbital inclination of 38°.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- March 2002
- Accretion Disks;
- Stars: Individual: Constellation Name: Scorpius X-1;
- X-Rays: Binaries;
- 11 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ