Maximal-entropy-production-rate nonlinear quantum dynamics compatible with second law, reciprocity, fluctuation-dissipation, and time-energy uncertainty relations
In view of the recent quest for well-behaved nonlinear extensions of the traditional Schroedinger-von Neumann unitary dynamics that could provide fundamental explanations of recent experimental evidence of loss of quantum coherence at the microscopic level, in this paper, together with a review of the general features of the nonlinear quantum (thermo)dynamics I proposed in a series of papers [see references in G.P. Beretta, Found.Phys. 17, 365 (1987)], I show its exact equivalence with the maximal-entropy-production variational-principle formulation recently derived in S. Gheorghiu-Svirschevski, Phys.Rev. A 63, 022105 (2001). In addition, based on the formalism of general interest I developed for the analysis of composite systems, I show how the variational derivation can be extended to the case of a composite system to obtain the general form of my equation of motion, that turns out to be consistent with the demanding requirements of strong separability. Moreover, I propose a new intriguing fundamental ansatz: that the time evolution along the direction of steepest entropy ascent unfolds at the fastest rate compatible with the time-energy Heisenberg uncertainty relation. This ansatz provides a possible well-behaved general closure of the nonlinear dynamics, compatible with the nontrivial requirements of strong separability, and with no need of new physical constants. In any case, the time-energy uncertainty relation provides lower bounds to the internal-relaxation-time functionals and, therefore, upper bounds to the rate of entropy production.