In northern Zimbabwe, the Archaean Pfunzi Orogen comprises an east-west-trending belt of migmatitic gneisses separating the Zimbabwe Craton from the Pan-African Zambezi Belt farther north. Previously available Rb-Sr dates for the Pfunzi Orogenic Belt have been interpreted to record formation of granulites at ca 3.0 Ga and subsequent amphibolite-facies metamorphism at ca 2.6 Ga. Here the first conventional IDTIMS U-Pb zircon dates for the Pfunzi Belt are reported, from orthogneisses in the eastern part of the belt in northeastern Zimbabwe. Two intrusive masses of granitic and tonalitic gneiss, together with a granitic leucogneiss inferred to have formed by leucosome segregation during migmatisation, yield crystallisation ages of ca 2.62 Ga. These results are interpreted to date a major tectonothermal event along the northern margin of the Zimbabwe Craton, involving regional amphibolite-facies metamorphism and migmatisation, as well as emplacement of compositionally diverse granitoid plutons and retrogression of older granulites. This event is roughly coeval with orogenesis in the Limpopo Belt along the southern craton margin and with emplacement of the craton-wide ca 2.6 Ga Chilimanzi Granite Suite.