Quantitative flow-field data were obtained in a planar shear layer spanning an open cavity with an extension of the schlieren method. The technique is based on the measurement of light-intensity fluctuations in a real-time schlieren image. Data were collected using a fiber-optic sensor embedded in the imaging screen coupled to a photodetector. Time-resolved measurements of the instantaneous density gradient at a point in the two dimensional flow cross section were thus obtained. Detailed surveys were carried out with both the optical instrument as well as a hot wire at a Mach number of 0.25 and with the optical instrument alone at a Mach number of 0.6. A comparison of the results shows that the non-intrusive technique can accurately measure the growth rates of instability waves in the initial ``linear'' region of the shear layer. The density-gradient fluctuations measured at different locations (and times) were synchronized by using a microphone inside the cavity as a reference and integrated to yield profiles of the density fluctuations associated with the dominant large-scale structures in the shear layer. Such quantitative visualization is expected to clarify the mechanism of sound generation by shear-layer impingement at the cavity trailing edge and elucidate the nature of this sound source.
Experiments in Fluids
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