Cosmic Microwave Background Observables and Their Cosmological Implications
Abstract
We show that recent measurements of the power spectrum of cosmic microwave background anisotropies by Boomerang and MAXIMA can be mainly characterized by four observables: the position of the first acoustic peak, l_{1}=206+/6 the height of the first peak relative to COBE normalization, H_{1}=7.6+/1.4 the height of the second peak relative to the first, H_{2}=0.38+/0.04 and the height of the third peak relative to the first, H_{3}=0.43+/0.07. This phenomenological representation of the measurements complements more detailed likelihood analyses in multidimensional parameter space, clarifying the dependence on prior assumptions and the specific aspects of the data leading to the constraints. We illustrate their use in the flat ΛCDM family of models, where we find Ω_{m}h^{3.8}>0.079 (or nearly equivalently, the age of the universe t_{0}<1314 Gyr) from l_{1}, and a baryon density Ω_{b}h^{2}>0.019, a matter density Ω_{m}h^{2}<0.42, and tilt n>0.85 from the peak heights (95% confidence limit). With the aid of several external constraints, notably nucleosynthesis, the age of the universe, and the cluster abundance and baryon fraction, we construct the allowed region in the (Ω_{m}, h) plane; it points to high h (0.6<h<0.9) and moderate Ω_{m} (0.25<Ω_{m}<0.6).
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 March 2001
 DOI:
 10.1086/319449
 arXiv:
 arXiv:astroph/0006436
 Bibcode:
 2001ApJ...549..669H
 Keywords:

 Cosmology: Cosmic Microwave Background;
 Cosmology: Theory;
 Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 12pages, 11figs. Version accepted in ApJ. Several typos fixed including eqns (13,A22)