The Orion Nebula (M 42) is one of the best studied objects in the sky. The advent of multi-wavelength investigations and quantitative high resolution imaging has produced a rapid improvement in our knowledge of what is widely considered the prototype H II region and young galactic cluster. Perhaps uniquely among this class of object, we have a good three dimensional picture of the nebula, which is a thin blister of ionized gas on the front of a giant molecular cloud, and the extremely dense associated cluster. The same processes that produce the nebula also render visible the circumstellar material surrounding many of the pre-main sequence low mass stars, while other circumstellar clouds are seen in silhouette against the nebula. The process of photoevaporation of ionized gas not only determines the structure of the nebula that we see, but is also destroying the circumstellar clouds, presenting a fundamental conundrum about why these clouds still exist.