Milutin Milanković (Dalj, May 28, 1879 - Belgrade, December 12, 1958), former director of the Belgrade Astronomical observatory and vice president of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, is the most distinguished Serbian astronomer of the XX century. In honour to his scientific achievements in astronomy a crater on the far side of the Moon (coordinates +170o, +77o) was given his name at the 14th IAU General Assembly in Brighton in 1970. His name is given also to a crater on Mars (coordinates +147o, +55o) at the 15th IAU General Assembly in Sidney in 1973. In 1982 a small planet, provisorily designated 1936 GA, discovered in 1930 by M. Protić and P. Djurković, received its permanent name: 1605 Milanković. Milutin Milanković went down in the history of science as the man who explained the phenomenon of the Ice Ages by slow changes of the Earth insolation in consequence of changes of the Earth's axis inclination and of those of the parameters of the Earth's motion round the Sun. Milanković elucidated also the history of the Earth's climate as well as that of other planets, being in addition the author of the mathematical theory of climate and of the Earth's pole motion. His scientific results, life and activities will be discussed in this contribution.
Astronomische Gesellschaft Meeting Abstracts
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