Time Aperiodic Perturbations of Integrable Hamiltonian Systems
Abstract
We consider a Hamiltonian $H=H^{0}(p)+\kappa H^{1}(p,q,t)$, $(p,q)\in {\mathbb{R}}^{n} \times {\mathbb{T}}^n$, $t\in{\mathbb{R}}$ where $\kappa \in {\mathbb{R}}$ is a small perturbation parameter and $p$, $q$ are the action and angle variables respectively. The Hamiltonian generates an autonomous vector field obtained by extending the phase space making $t$ a dependent variable and adding its conjugate variable $\tau$. In this paper we look at a time aperiodic perturbation $H^{1}(p,q,t)$ which tends as $t\to \infty$ to either a time independent perturbation or a time quasiperiodic perturbation and we prove a KAMtype theorem. Extending the phase space results in the preservation under a small enough perturbation of cylinders of the extended autonomous system rather than the usual tori. To prove the theorem we transform the Hamiltonian $H$ to a normal form which depends on fewer angles, none if possible. This transformation is done via a near identity canonical transformation. The canonical transformation is constructed using the Lie series formalism and by solving for a generating function. Because of the aperiodic time dependence, the usual Fourier series methods used to obtain the generating function no longer apply. Instead, we use Fourier transform methods to solve for the generating function and make use of an isoenergetic nondegeneracy condition which results in a shift of frequencies associated with each cylinder.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2000
 arXiv:
 arXiv:nlin/0007010
 Bibcode:
 2000nlin......7010M
 Keywords:

 Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems;
 Chaotic Dynamics