Linear Exp6 Isotherm for Compressed Molten Cesium Over the Whole Liquid range Including Metalnonmetls Transition and Tc
Abstract
The linear exp6 isotherm is presented as an approach to the thermodynamic properies of liquid alkali metals over the whole liquid range including metalnonmetal transition. The exp6 pair interaction potential is applied to approach the underlying interplay between the characteristic soft repulsive intercation in dense, large attractive interaction in the expanded liquid alkali metal and the observed thermodynamic properties. PVT of dense liquid alkali metals obey the linear exp6 isotherm (Z1)V2=A+Br7/3 exp{a(1Cr1/3/rm)} over the whole range of liquid densities, where Z is the compression factor, r=1/V is the density, rm is the position of potential minimum, a is a parameter, and C is constant. The intercept A and the slope B significantly are related to attraction and repulsion, repectively, and both depend on temperature. At the level of theory presented in this work, the thermodynamic effects caused by the polarization of atoms in expanded liquid alkali metals can be accounted for by exp6 potential function to demonestrat their thermodynamic properties as normal liquids. This incluids the metalnonmetal tarnsition in which case the nature of forces are changed in such a way that the thermodynamic properties would be different from those of the highdensity region. In particular the equation state for molten cesium is analytical over the whole range of liquid densities. The linear exp6 isotherm is used to estimate the binding energy (0.0733 eV) and the position of potential minimum (0.5336 A) of liquid cesium st freezing temparature.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 December 2000
 arXiv:
 arXiv:condmat/0012308
 Bibcode:
 2000cond.mat.12308G
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Soft Condensed Matter;
 Condensed Matter  Statistical Mechanics
 EPrint:
 16 pages, 8 figure