A Universal Phase Function for Jovian Clouds from the Visible to Near-IR Wavelength Region. I. Zone Phase Function
A set of wavelength-dependent scattering phase functions for Jupiter's clouds has been obtained; the Mie theory was employed to simulate well-defined scattering phase functions deduced from an analysis of the Pioneer 10 photometry data (Tomasko et al. 1978, AAA 021.099.011). A reasonable fit to the cloud-phase functions for the bright zone (STrZ) was obtained with a particle effective radius, r_eff, of 0.96 mu m and the real part of the refractive index, n_r, being 1.591 for the blue and 1.535 for the red, slightly higher than the nominal values for ammonia ice. The derived Mie phase functions were tested against several STrZ data. The appropriateness of these phase functions has been demonstrated through the fact that they reproduce not only the observed limb-to-limb intensity profiles, but also the correct wavelength dependence of the haze optical thickness for a wide wavelength range from visible to near-infrared.