Vertical Variation of Madden-Jullian Oscillations in the Normal Monsoon Season as Revealed Through MST Radar Wind Data
Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere (MST) Radar wind data for the period June through September 1996 have been examined to study vertical variation of Madden-Jullian Oscillations in wind and eddy kinetic energy (eke) in the normal monsoon season. The domain of analysis in the vertical is from 6 to 20km with a height resolution of 150m. Fast-Fourier-Transformation (FFT) has been applied to zonal (u), meridional(v) components of wind to extract the Madden-Jullian oscillations and eke. There are three dominant modes viz., 50-70, 30-40 and 10-20 day periodicity, which contain considerable fraction of energy and show high degree of vertical variability. The peak amplitude of 50-70 day mode in u, 30-40 mode in v and eke were observed at 16-17km just below the tropopause level. The peak amplitudes of 30-40 day mode in u and 50-70 day mode in v were found in the height region of 13-16km. To understand the origin and propagation of these waves, wave energy is calculated. The wave energy is higher at tropospheric heights than at lower stratospheric heights indicating that the origin of these waves is in the troposphere, and a part of the energy leaks into the stratosphere.