An assessment of pressure drop and void fraction correlations with data from two-phase natural circulation loops
Void fraction and pressure drop correlations play an important role in predicting the performance of natural circulation loops. Hence an assessment of the commonly used and often cited correlations for pressure drop and void fraction has been carried out with data from natural circulation loops. This assessment considered 33 void fraction correlations and 14 pressure drop correlations. The void fraction correlations were initially tested against the various limiting conditions. Only 14 correlations were found to satisfy at least two limiting conditions (i.e., at x =0 α=0 and at x=1 α=1) and were assessed against the data. This assessment showed that the Chexal etal. (1996) correlation is better than all the others considered. The assessment of pressure drop correlations were carried out with the Chexal etal. (1996) correlation for void fraction and Saha-Zuber model for the onset of subcooled boiling. This assessment showed that most correlations give predictions close to each other.