After a brief introduction to the principles and promise of quantum information processing, the requirements for the physical implementation of quantum computation are discussed. These five requirements, plus two relating to the communication of quantum information, are extensively explored and related to the many schemes in atomic physics, quantum optics, nuclear and electron magnetic resonance spectroscopy, superconducting electronics, and quantum-dot physics, for achieving quantum computing.
Fortschritte der Physik
- Pub Date:
- Quantum Physics;
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics
- Prepared for Fortschritte der Physik special issue, Experimental Proposals for Quantum Computation. Version 2: many small corrections. Version 3: more small corrections &