Exact Solutions of the Schrodinger Equation with InversePower Potential in Two Dimensions
Abstract
The Schrodinger equation for stationary states is studied in a central potential V(r) proportional to the inverse power of r of degree beta in an arbitrary number of spatial dimensions. The presence of a single term in the potential makes it impossible to use previous algorithms, which only work for quasiexactlysolvable problems. Nevertheless, the analysis of the stationary Schrodinger equation in the neighbourhood of the origin and of the point at infinity is found to provide relevant information about the desired solutions for all values of the radial coordinate. The original eigenvalue equation is mapped into a differential equation with milder singularities, and the role played by the particular case beta=4 is elucidated. In general, whenever the parameter beta is even and larger than 4, a recursive algorithm for the evaluation of eigenfunctions is obtained. Eventually, in the particular case of two spatial dimensions, the exact form of the groundstate wave function is obtained for a potential containing a finite number of inverse powers of r, with the associated energy eigenvalue.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 1999
 arXiv:
 arXiv:quantph/9902081
 Bibcode:
 1999quant.ph..2081D
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 11 pages, plain Tex. Sections 1, 2 and 3 have been revised