We propose a symmetry breaking scheme for QCD with three massless quarks at high baryon density wherein the color and flavor SU(3) color × SU(3) L × SU(3) R symmetries are broken down to the diagonal subgroup SU(3) color+ L+ R by the formation of a condensate of quark Cooper pairs. We discuss general properties that follow from this hypothesis, including the existence of gaps for quark and gluon excitations, the existence of Nambu-Goldstone bosons which are excitations of the diquark condensate, and the existence of a modified electromagnetic gauge interaction which is unbroken and which assigns integral charge to the elementary excitations. We present mean-field results for a Hamiltonian in which the interaction between quarks is modeled by that induced by single-gluon exchange. We find gaps of order 10-100 MeV for plausible values of the coupling. We discuss the effects of non-zero temperature, non-zero quark masses and instanton-induced interactions on our results.
Nuclear Physics B
- Pub Date:
- January 1999
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology;
- High Energy Physics - Lattice;
- Nuclear Theory
- 17 pages, LaTeX. Factors of 2 corrected, figs and tables updated accordingly