Detection of cosmic microwave background structure in a second field with the Cosmic Anisotropy Telescope
We describe observations at frequencies near 15GHz of the second 2x2deg^2 field imaged with the Cambridge Cosmic Anisotropy Telescope (CAT). After the removal of discrete radio sources, structure is detected in the images on characteristic scales of about half a degree, corresponding to spherical harmonic multipoles in the range l~330-680. A Bayesian analysis confirms that the signal arises predominantly from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation for multipoles in the lower half of this range; the average broad-band power in a bin with centroid l=422 (θ~51arcmin) is estimated to be ∆TT 2.1-0.5+0.4 x10-5. For multipoles centred on l=615 (θ~35arcmin), we find contamination from Galactic emission is significant, and constrain the CMB contribution to the measured power in this bin to be ∆TT<2.0x10^-5 (1σ upper limit). These new results are consistent with the first detection made by CAT in a completely different area of sky. Together with data from other experiments, this new CAT detection adds weight to earlier evidence from CAT for a downturn in the CMB power spectrum on scales smaller than 1deg. Improved limits on the values of H0 and Ω are determined using the new CAT data.