Radial current and flows in the scrapeoff layer of a tokamak
Abstract
A simple onedimensional, isothermal model is presented to study the flow fields and the radial current in the scrapeoff layer of a tokamak. It is shown how, using basic tensor properties, the radial current can be expressed as a function of the flows and the radial electric field in a very simple way, provided that none of the curvature terms are neglected in the toroidal momentum equation. The flows are computed by solving the parallel momentum equation together with the continuity equation. We have included convection, viscosity and neutral drag in all the equations. This finally results in an almost linear relation between the radial electric field and the radial current as is experimentally observed. Two types of boundary conditions at the limiter or target, applied at the magnetic presheath or the material boundary, in the past a source of contradiction, are studied in detail. We show that the viscosity in the parallel momentum equation levels out the marked difference which was encounterd in earlier theories between the two types of boundary conditions. Our model predicts the experimentally observed trends on TdeV, the only anomalous effect introduced being the diffusive radial velocity. The neutral interaction driven current is shown to be potentially very important. The physical content of the equations, their relation to the BohmChodura criterion and the poloidal dependence of the currents are a point of particular attention.
 Publication:

Journal of Nuclear Materials
 Pub Date:
 1999
 DOI:
 10.1016/S00223115(98)008939
 Bibcode:
 1999JNuM..266.1240V