A variation of Gaussian-3 (G3) theory is presented in which the basis set extensions are obtained at the second-order Møller-Plesset level. This method, referred to as G3(MP2) theory, is assessed on 299 energies from the G2/97 test set [J. Chem. Phys. 109, 42 (1998)]. The average absolute deviation from experiment of G3(MP2) theory for the 299 energies is 1.30 kcal/mol and for the subset of 148 neutral enthalpies it is 1.18 kcal/mol. This is a significant improvement over the related G2(MP2) theory [J. Chem. Phys. 98, 1293 (1993)], which has an average absolute deviation of 1.89 kcal/mol for all 299 energies and 2.03 kcal/mol for the 148 neutral enthalpies. The corresponding average absolute deviations for full G3 theory are 1.01 and 0.94 kcal/mol, respectively. The new method provides significant savings in computational time compared to G3 theory and, also, G2(MP2) theory.
Journal of Chemical Physics
- Pub Date:
- March 1999
- Perturbation theory;
- Ab initio calculations;
- Ionization potentials electron affinities molecular core binding energy;
- Other topics in the theory of the electronic structure of atoms and molecules