Planar measurements of the full three-dimensional scalar dissipation rate in gas-phase turbulent flows
A simultaneous planar Rayleigh scattering and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) technique is described which allows planar measurement of the full three-dimensional scalar gradient, ∇C (x, t), and scalar energy dissipation rate, χ≡D ∇C.∇C, in gas-phase turbulent flows. The conserved scalar used is the jet fluid concentration, where the jet consists of propane and seeded acetone. The propane serves as the primary Rayleigh scattering medium, while the acetone is used for fluorescence. For a given amount of available laser energy, this planar Rayleigh scattering/PLIF technique yields much higher signals levels than would, for example, a two-plane Rayleigh scattering technique. By applying the current technique to a single spatial plane, the errors incurred in measuring a spatial derivative across distinct planes are quantified. The errors are found to be well described by a random distribution, and the magnitude of these errors is found to be smaller than the magnitude of significant events in the true scalar gradient fields. Sample results for the fields of the three-dimensional scalar gradient and scalar energy dissipation in a planar turbulent jet, with outer scale Reynolds numbers between 3200 and 8400, are shown, demonstrating the applicability of these measurements to analyses of the fine scale mixing in turbulent flows. The application of these measurements to determination of the scaling properties of the dissipation rate is also discussed.
Experiments in Fluids
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