The abundance of carbon single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) in soot synthesized by pulsed laser evaporation of graphite is studied over a wide range of synthesis conditions. The derived SWNT growth time-scale appears to be much longer than any characteristic time-scale in a simplified model of the relaxation of a high-pressure hot condensing gas bubble in a background atmosphere. It is concluded that SWNT nucleation and growth take place in relaxed, condensed, thermalized evaporation products at an optimal temperature between 850-1250 °C at a rate of few μm length per second, which is consistent with a condensed state ``precipitation'' mechanism for the SWNT formation.
Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing
- Pub Date:
- PACS: 81.05.Tp;