Here I review some nuclear physics aspects of core-collapse supernovae concerning neutrinos. Studies of neutrino emission and interactions in supernovae are crucial to our understanding of the explosion mechanism, the heavy element nucleosynthesis, and pulsar proper motions. I discuss the effects of reduced neutrino opacities in dense nuclear matter on supernova neutrino emission and their implications for the delayed supernova explosion mechanism and the synthesis of neutron-rich heavy elements. I also discuss the effects of parity violation in weak interactions on supernova neutrino emission and their implications for pulsar proper motions.
Stellar Evolution, Stellar Explosions and Galactic Chemical Evolution
- Pub Date:
- Nuclear Theory
- 7 pages including 1 Postscript figure, use iopconf.sty, Invited talk given at the Second Oak Ridge Symposium on Atomic and Nuclear Astrophysics, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (December 2-6, 1997)