Quantum tunneling in nuclear fusion
Abstract
Recent theoretical advances in the study of heavyion fusion reactions below the Coulomb barrier are reviewed. Particular emphasis is given to new ways of analyzing data (such as studying barrier distributions), new approaches to channel coupling (such as the pathintegral and Green's function formalisms), and alternative methods to describe nuclear structure effects (such as those using the interacting boson model). The roles of nucleon transfer, asymmetry effects, higherorder couplings, and shape phase transitions are elucidated. The current status of the fusion of unstable nuclei and very massive systems are briefly discussed.
 Publication:

Reviews of Modern Physics
 Pub Date:
 January 1998
 DOI:
 10.1103/RevModPhys.70.77
 arXiv:
 arXiv:nuclth/9708036
 Bibcode:
 1998RvMP...70...77B
 Keywords:

 25.70.Jj;
 Fusion and fusionfission reactions;
 Nuclear Theory
 EPrint:
 To appear in the January 1998 issue of Reviews of Modern Physics. 13 Figures (postscript file for Figure 6 is not available