Accurate and efficient image intensifier distortion correction algorithm for volume tomographic angiography
The recent advance in image intensifier based volume tomographic angiography has stirred a significant interest in the development of accurate and efficient algorithms to correct image intensifier distortions. An algorithm and it calibration protocol are developed to correct chain in a single step regardless of distortion source. This algorithm first partitions a distorted image into small quadrilateral regions, then maps each region individually to the corrected image using the corresponding bi-linear functions. The general applicable parameters of these bi-linear algorithm and the calibration protocol are tested using this grid phantom. The algorithm and the calibration protocol are tested using this grid phantom on a newly built image intensifier based volume tomographic angiography imaging system. The maximum distortion error is reduced from 5.96 mm before correction to 0.05 mm after correction. Further validation of the proposed algorithm is performed through 3D tomographic reconstructions of a vascular phantom and animal studies. The reconstruction results indicate that the accuracy of the algorithm and the calibration protocol is acceptable for volume tomographic angiography. This algorithm can also be applied to radiation therapy and stereo surgical treatment planning where image intensifier distortions must be corrected.