We have produced corundum-bearing residues through the evaporation of natural and synthetic hibonite samples. The sequence of major element losses as well as volatility-related trace element fractionations in these residues are similar to those previously observed in residues from the evaporation of chondritic starting material, suggesting that the processes by which these fractionations occur may be largely independent of the starting material used. However, the mineralogy of the residues does depend on the composition of the starting material and, to some extent, on the conditions under which evaporation took place. Similarly, the degree of isotopic mass fractionation observed in the residues is composition-dependent. This observation means that it may be possible to use isotopic data for several elements to constrain the compositions of precursor materials of Ca-Al-rich inclusions, which have an evaporation origin. Although corundum-bearing inclusions are known, their origins are complex and variable, and the scarcity of such inclusions indicates that melting of hibonite, with or without concomitant evaporation, must have been a rare process in the solar nebula. By evaporating mixtures of synthetic oxides of the rare earth elements, we have reproduced the patterns of Group III inclusions and some of the characteristics of ultrarefractory patterns. However, the extreme conditions required to do so indicate that refractory inclusions with these patterns probably have a condensation rather than evaporation origin.