Regional vs contact metamorphism of garnet metapelites in the vicinity of Late Variscan granites (Central Armorican Domain, Brittany, France)
Late Variscan granites intruded Brioverian (Upper Proterozoic) and Lower Paleozoic pelitic sequences to the north of the South Armorican shear zone. In the vicinity of the granites, Brioverian garnet micaschists contain pre/syn-S2 assemblages with garnet + staurolite and post-S2 assemblages with staurolite +/- andalusite. Andalusite appeared pre/syn- and post-S2 in garnet-free micaschists. The garnets in the Brioverian micaschists are zoned with increasing Mg and decreasing Mn and Ca from core to inner rim. Only poor garnet zonations occur in Paleozoic hornfelses of enclaves in the Rostrenen granite. The results of a microstructurally controlled application of garnet-biotite geothermometers and garnet-plagioclase geobarometers are similar to P-T trends obtained by the Gibbs method of garnet zonation modelling in the system NCFMnMASH. The P-T paths of a pre/syn-S2 regional metamorphism are clockwise between 500-550°C/8 kbar and 700°C/5 kbar, followed by cooling decompression. They contrast with isobaric contact metamorphism between 500 and 700°C at 2.5-3 kbar in Paleozoic hornfelses. This points to a two-stage Variscan metamorphism with a pre-granitic pressure-dominated event in the Brioverian micaschists, followed by Late Variscan contact metamorphism, and suggests the existence of a pre-granitic tectonic boundary between the micaschists and overlying low-grade sequences.
International Journal of Earth Sciences
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