The prograde, high pressure, transition from antigorite serpentinite to enstatite-olivine rock occurs along a tectonically undisturbed profile at Cerro del Almirez, SE Spain. The reactant assemblage is antigorite + olivine with tremolite rimming precursor diopside. The product assemblage of tremolite + chlorite + enstatite + olivine has a spinifex-like texture with arborescent or radiating olivine elongated parallel to  and with radially grown enstatite. Product enstatite is very poor in Al2O3. Due to numerous oriented submicroscopic inclusions of chromian magnetite, product olivine has a brownish pleochroism and a bulk chromium content similar to precursor antigorite. Titanian clinohumite with a fluorine content of 0.45-0.50 wt% persisted beyond the breakdown of antigorite. The partitioning of iron and magnesium amongst the silicate phases is almost identical to that at lower pressures. Average Kd values Mn/Mg and Ni/Mg are 0.17 and 0.70 for antigorite-olivine pairs and 1.83 and 0.22 for orthopyroxene-olivine pairs, respectively. These data are useful in discriminating generations of olivine grown on each other. From the field data a phase diagram topology for a portion of the system CaO-MgO-SiO2-H2O is derived. This topology forms the basis for extrapolations into inaccessible P-T regions.