Fast Calculation of a Family of Elliptical Mass Gravitational Lens Models
Abstract
Because of their simplicity, axisymmetric mass distributions are often used to model gravitational lenses. Since galaxies are usually observed to have elliptical light distributions, mass distributions with elliptical density contours offer more general and realistic lens models. They are difficult to use, however, since previous studies have shown that the deflection angle (and magnification) in this case can only be obtained by rather expensive numerical integrations. We present a family of lens models for which the deflection can be calculated to high relative accuracy (10^{5}) with a greatly reduced numerical effort, for small and large ellipticity alike. This makes it easier to use these distributions for modeling individual lenses as well as for applications requiring larger computing times, such as statistical lensing studies. A program implementing this method can be obtained from the author.1
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 August 1998
 DOI:
 10.1086/305950
 arXiv:
 arXiv:astroph/9802002
 Bibcode:
 1998ApJ...502..531B
 Keywords:

 GALAXIES: STRUCTURE;
 COSMOLOGY: GRAVITATIONAL LENSING;
 Galaxies: Structure;
 Cosmology: Gravitational Lensing;
 Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 13 pages, 3 figures, submitted to ApJ, also available at http://www.sns.ias.edu/~barkana/ellip.html