The high resolution camera (HRC) is a microchannel plate based imaging detector for the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF) that will be placed in a high earth orbit scheduled for launch in August, 1998. An end-to-end calibration of the HRC and the AXAF high resolution mirror assembly (HRMA) was carried out at the Marshall Space Flight Center's X-Ray Calibration Facility (XRCF). This activity was followed by several modifications to the HRC to improve its performance, and a series of flat field calibrations. In this paper, and the following companion papers, we discuss the calibration plans, sequences, and results of these tests. At the time of this conference, the HRC has been fully flight qualified and is being integrated into the science instrument module (SIM) in preparation for integration into the AXAF spacecraft.