Parity Effect in Ground State Energies of Ultrasmall Superconducting Grains
We study the superconductivity in small grains in the regime when the quantum level spacing δɛ is comparable to the gap Δ. As δɛ is increased, the system crosses over from superconducting to normal state. This crossover is studied by calculating the dependence of the ground state energy of a grain on the parity of the number of electrons. The states with odd numbers of particles carry an additional energy ΔP, which shows nonmonotonic dependence on δɛ. Our predictions can be tested experimentally by studying the parity-induced alternation of Coulomb blockade peak spacings in grains of different sizes.
Physical Review Letters
- Pub Date:
- May 1997
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
- Condensed Matter - Superconductivity
- 4 pages, revtex, multicol.sty