Effects of a splitter plate on the near wake of a circular cylinder in 2 and 3-dimensional flow configurations
Results of flow visualization, hot wire, and base pressure measurements were conducted for an investigation of the near wake of a circular cylinder at subcritical Reynolds numbers between 2700 to 46000. A base mounted splitter plate allowed for the modification of the formation region characteristics without disrupting the normal Kármán shedding. The results provide an explanation for the non-linearity in the relationship between shedding frequency and splitter plate length and extend the previous investigations of Roshko (1954), Gerrard (1966) and Apelt et al. (1973). In addition to the nominal 2-D configurations, a sinuous trailing edge splitter plate, cylinder taper, and shear flow were incorporated to study the effects of mild 3-dimensionality. A strong spanwise coherence was found to exist in the formation region. A superposition principle was discovered which showed that certain 3-D geometry and flow configurations could be combined to produce a nominal 2-D wake.
Experiments in Fluids
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