We report on a measurement of the angular power spectrum of the anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). The anisotropy is measured in 23 different multipole bands from l = 54 (~3°) to l = 404 (~0.45d) and in six frequency bands from 26 to 46 GHz over three observing seasons. The measurements are consistent from year to year. The frequency spectral index of the fluctuations (measured at low l) is consistent with that of the CMB and inconsistent with either dust or Galactic free-free emission. Furthermore, the observations of the MSAM1-92 experiment (Cheng et al. 1994) are repeated and confirmed. The angular spectrum shows a distinct rise from δTl≡[l(2l+1)<|aml|2>/4π]1/2=49+8-5 μK at l = 87 to δTl=85+10-8 μK at l = 237. These values do not include an overall +/-14% (1 σ) calibration uncertainty. The analysis and possible systematic errors are discussed.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- January 1997
- Cosmology: Cosmic Microwave Background;
- Cosmology: Observations;
- latex file is called spect.tex. 25 pages with 11 Postscript figures. Uses aas2pp4.sty (included). Submitted to ApJ