Substructure in Galaxy Clusters:A Two Dimensional Approach
Abstract
We discuss a procedure for detecting and quantifying the presence of substructure in the projected positions of galaxies in clusters. New contour maps of the surface density of galaxies for the 56 clusters in Dressler's morphological sample are constructed by application of an adaptivekernel technique. We employ the KMM algorithm to objectively partition the galaxies in each cluster into subpopulations, identify the bestfitting alternative to the null hypothesis of a singlepopulation model, and estimate the statistical significance of the identified structures. The power of the KMM algorithm for this application is evaluated based on a study of simulated clusters. We estimate that 57% of the Dressler morphologicalsample clusters have statisticallysignificant substructure. In all likelihood, this proportion represents a lower limit to the fraction of clusters with real substructure. We calculate the projected median distance of the D or cD galaxy (in the clusters which possess them) to the centroid of the nearest subcluster, and demonstrate that the dominant galaxies are located close to the peaks of the galaxy surfacedensity.
 Publication:

The Astronomical Journal
 Pub Date:
 January 1997
 DOI:
 10.1086/118235
 Bibcode:
 1997AJ....113...80K